Plan of the path

Educational path – Ostróda – 1-4 June 2017

the Slavs – Association of the Company of Knights of the Lublin Region

Description of the diorama:

A military camp from the period of Mieszko I’s rule, comprising:

- 3 tents with equipment

- a “changing room” where soldiers could try on elements of armoury and military equipment

- a blacksmith’s station

- a bowyer’s station

Displays and presentations:

- clothing and weapons

- melee weapons (sword, axe, spear)

- presentation of military formations

We will be available to answer visitor questions until the end of the presentation.

 

  1. Middle Ages – another group designated by you.

 

3. Battle of Vienna – Zamość Fraternity of Knights

 

Description of the diorama:
Rest of a tabor of the Polish and foreign forces at the time of the Battle of Vienna

What we can present:
Presentation of the use of black powder weapons from the first half of the 17th century.
Presentation of the use of melee weapons from the 17th century.

 

4. Polish Hussars – Cavalry Banner of the Republic/ Hussar Banner of the Marshal of the Pomeranian Province, based in Gniew

Description of the diorama:

A tent (3x6 m) with equipment used by Polish Hussars in the battle

We will use it to show weapons, clothing and equipment of a Hussar going to war.

A horse mannequin carrying a fully-equipped Hussar in an armour

Nearby, there will be two paintings supported by easels showing the Polish Hussars from that period. Dedicated staff will explain to visitors the meaning and significance of the scene, as well describe the appearance of a Polish Hussar at the beginning of the 17th century.

 

 

Human mannequins (a Hussar and a member of the armoured units at the time of the Battle of Vienna, 1683)

The mannequins will be an addition to the nearby stand of a group presenting the infantry and artillery of John III Sobieski during the Battle of Vienna in 1683. There will be two easels with paintings showing the Battles of Vienna and Parkany in 1683. This will allows us to explain how a Hussar in 1610 differed from a Hussar in 1683. We will also show the other type of Polish cavalry, i.e. the armoured divisions. Not far from the stand, Dariusz Bielecki dressed as a Hussar, will demonstrate and explain how the 17th century Polish sabre was used in combat.

A multimedia corner comprising an overhead projector and a screen showing material dedicated to the Hussars.

Here, every visitor will be able to get thorough information on the history of the Hussars, their military activity, appearance, victories and their later decline. They will also learn about the modern-day re-enactments involving these warriors.

 

5. Kościuszko Uprising – another group designated by you.

 

6. November Uprising – 2nd Infantry Regiment of Duchy of Warsaw

 

Description of the diorama:
 

The diorama will represent a field camp of one of the regimens of the Polish Army during the period of November Uprising (1831).

The camp will comprise: tents, field fortifications, everyday objects (used both by soldiers and civilians), as well as weapons, equipment and soldiers.

Visitors will be able to enjoy such attractions as:

Military drill, soldier portraits, demonstration of weapons (without firing), a history lesson

7. January Uprising – Historical Re-enactment Society of the 4th Legions’ Infantry Regiment

Description of the diorama:

Camp of a unit commanded by colonel Zygmunt Chmieleński in Drochlin after violent and bloody clashes with the Russian Army near Cierno, Warzyn and Czarnca. Exhausted soldiers are waiting for civilian support, new recruits and supply of warm clothes. On 30 September 1863 insurgents are attacked by soldiers of the Imperial Russian Army. Despite the dominance of the very well-trained and disciplined soldiers of the Tsar’s army, the Battle of Mełchów ended in a victory of the Insurgents. Nevertheless, many soldiers in colonel Chmieleński’s unit were killed on the battlefield.

The diorama was prepared by the Historical Re-enactment Society of the 4th Legions’ Infantry Regiment in Kielce. A January Uprising-period camp and soldier portraits are presented. The diorama shows weapons used by soldiers during the Battle of Mełchów – the Lorenz rifle, revolvers and the scythe. The crucial role of women, who not only supported soldiers but also fought in battles, is highlighted. The earthen graves are a reminder of soldiers killed in battles fought against the Imperial Russian Army. We will offer a living history lesson and presentation of weapons and equipment from the period of January Uprising.

8. gen. Haller (Polish Army in France) – Historical Re-enactment Group of the 51st Infantry Regiment

Description of the diorama:

The diorama presents a scene in the transfer of the Blue Army to Poland in 1919. It shows a fragment of a railway siding, still on the French ground, where another group of soldiers are preparing for the departure to Poland. This arrangement serves as a starting point to present the origins of the Polish Army in France, their uniforms, weapons, equipment, history after their return to Poland and e.g. explanation for the name of “Blue Army”.

The diorama shows numerous military supply crates with inscriptions in French. Not far away from them, there is the Chauchat, a machine rifle model 1915 with all accessories – ready to be cleaned. A fully armed and equipped guard in uniform is keeping watch nearby.

In the middle of the scene, there is a “bonfire” encircled by a border of bricks. Here, the typical catering equipment related to the feeding of the Blue Army as well as typical uniforms will be presented.

In one of the corners, there will be a sign highlighting the soldier transit from France to Poland and situating the diorama near a railway junction.

The diorama will focus on the origins of the Polish Army in France, its formation, the recruitment of soldiers, its significance for the emerging Polish State and the soldiers’ journey to Poland in 1919. Participation of some units in battles fought in 1918 on the territory of France will also be highlighted, along with the participation in the battles of Lviv and the later history of the blue units. For this purpose colourful display boards will be used while member of the Association will give oral presentations.

9. Legions (1914-1916) – historical Re-enactment Group KuK Sturmtruppen

 

Description of the diorama:

The diorama depicts different soldiers fighting in the regiments of the Polish Legions. They will include: a I Brigade rifleman in uniform, fully-armed and equipped (1914); two soldiers from II (“Iron”) Brigade in uniforms, carrying weapons used during the Carpathian battles (1915); a soldier of the I Brigade fighting in the Battle of Kostiuchnówka (1916); a III Brigade soldier (1916); a III Brigade Soldier (the end of 2016); and a II Brigade trooper (Polish Auxiliary Corps) from the period of Bukowina clashes in autumn 1917, which was the period before the dissolution of the Polish Legions.

The diorama will show a model of WW1 trench system with equipment and crew-served weapons. Living history lessons will be conducted featuring presentations of uniforms, weapons, equipment, drills, trench warfare tactics, as well as stories of battle trails.

10. Polish-Soviet War 1920 – Historical Re-enactment Group Grenadiere

Description of the diorama:

The diorama will show a fortified resistance point at the outskirts of Warsaw in August 1920, featuring positions of heavy machine guns and a manual machine gun, fortified with sand bags and timber. Visitors will be able to see a scene from the defence of the home land in 1920 and to learn about the equipment and weapons used in the period of Polish-Soviet war 1919-1920.

 

There will be “living history lessons” – talks on interesting historical events that occurred during the Polish-Soviet War and presentations of the use of weapons and historical equipment.

11. September Campaign – Lublin Historical Re-enactment Group Association “FRONT”/ Historical Re-enactment Group “September 39”

Description of the diorama:

The Diorama shows the defence of Warsaw in September 1939. It will feature a barricade built of sand bags, pavement slabs, beams and debris on the basis of preserved photographs, such as the famous Grochowska Street barricade photograph. The concrete base will imitate a street – some debris/dust will be added to make it look as the street has been bombed. The defence line will be based on a Bofors anti-tank gun that will be manned by some of the soldiers. The gun will be incorporated into the barricade and flanked by fabric (sand bags). The defence point will be directed towards the banner, to create an “insider” point of view – visitors will be taking the defender’s perspective and facing the enemy. Moreover, a TKS tankette will be displayed in the front.

The following Polish Army soldiers from the period of 1939 Defensive War will be presented (each figure was designed and built based on preserved source material):

- a rifleman of the 40th “Children of Lviv” Infantry Regiment

- a soldier of reserve units defending Warsaw

- gendarmerie of the Polish Army

- a soldier manning the TKS tankette

Soldiers are presented as ready for battle, i.e. without knapsacks, but with new gas masks received during mobilisation. Riflemen of the 40th “Children of Lviv” Infantry Regiment are clad in 1930’s wool uniforms wz 19 – identical as those shown on photographs from that period. Together with a gendarme, they are patrolling the street and the barricade that is being raised. Reserve soldiers are wearing wool uniform wz. 36 and linen uniform wz. 36. The soldiers are the defence force of the barricade.

The diorama will play an educational role, by showing the different uniforms and weapons used by the Polish Army during the defence of Warsaw in 1939. Moreover, visitors will be able to assume a defender’s perspective, touch the equipment and receive exhaustive information on the presented weaponry and soldiers.

 

12. Tobruk 1941 – Historical Re-enactment Group Commonwealth Battalion

Description of the diorama:

- The diorama will show defensive positions during the Siege of Tobruk. The defence points will feature sand bags, ammunition crates, grenade crates, an artillery observer post covered with a camouflage netting, as well as an air-defence position with a manual machine gun, possibly also a light machine gun, with barbed wire placed all around.

There will be “living history lessons” – historical talks and presentations of the use of weapons and historical equipment.

 

 

13. II Polish Corps in Italy – Gen. Anders – Historical Re-enactment Group Grenadiere/ Historical Re-enactment Group Commonwealth Battalion

 

Description of the diorama:

- the Diorama will show an artillery position of the II Polish Corps in Italy. Military equipment, characteristic for the 1944 Italian Campaign, will be presented.
There will be “living history lessons” – historical talks and presentations of the use of weapons and historical equipment.

 

14. 1. Polish 1st Armoured Division – Gen. Maczek – Historical Re-enactment Group Commonwealth Battalion

Description of the diorama:

- The diorama will show soldiers of the Armoured Division, resting after a battle (most likely, members of the 10th Dragoons Regiment); the background will show orchards and other typical features of north French scenery (banners). There will be tents, camp equipment, as well as a an M4 Sherman.
There will be “living history lessons” – historical talks and presentations of the use of weapons and historical equipment.

 

 

15. No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron – another group designated by you.

 

16. Warsaw Uprising – Historical Re-enactment Group “Bemowo”

17. Cursed soldiers – Historical Re-enactment Group Grenadiere

Description of the diorama:

The diorama will present a forest camp of soldiers of the underground anti-communist resistance movement active in the Lublin region in summer of 1946. We will show the daily life of the doomed soldiers, before an anti-communist action. The soldiers will be preoccupied with everyday activities, such as cleaning of weapons, preparation of meals, mending of uniforms and repair of equipment.
There will be “living history lessons” – historical talks on battles fought by the cursed soldiers and presentations of the use of weapons and historical equipment.